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History of Guinea, the land of fearless and home of Doumbouya, the President

The new head of state just sworn in as transitional President of Guinea, Mamadi celebrates the country’s 63rd Independence Anniversary with citizens being joyful on the streets of Guinea.

The democratic Republic of Guinea which is largely called to as Guinea Conakry to differentiate it from its Francophone country Guinea Bissau) has been involved in a series of political twist and turmoil. Guinea became independent on 2nd October, 1958.

It is deemed to be the first francophone country to attain independence two years than any other other francophone country in Africa. It is has 12. 4 million population and still largely cosmopolitan.

Guinea  attained independence from France in 1958 and has been bedeviled with several military coups d’ètat, most lately is the overthrow of Alpha Conde, the authoritarian who manipulated the judges of the Supreme Court to grant him a third term in office. Guinea held its first democratic elections in 2010 after several years of dictatorial rulership. There was broadened corruption due to authoritarian regimes.

Harsh treatment and torture of civilians was common and the United States acknowledged in 2011 that, the infringement of the fundamental rights of women and children amounted to human rights abuses. Alpha Conde was afterward overthrown in a coup by Colonel Mamady Doumbouya, the leader of the special forces.

The West African country is a largely Islamic country with Muslims making up 85 percent of the population.  Guinea’s people have about twenty-four ethnicgroups. French is the official language of the country, is the main language of communication in schools, government administration and the media, but more than 24 indigenous dialects are also spoken. 

Guinea’s economy is largely dependent on agriculture and mineral production. It is the world’s second largest producer of bauxite, and has rich deposits of diamonds and gold. The country was at the core of the 2014 Ebola outbreak. 

The Guinean is derived from after the Guinea region. Guinea is an ancestral name for the region of Africa that lies along the Gulf of Guinea. It stretches north through the forest tropical regions and ends at the Sahel. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River, in contrast to the “tawny” Zenaga Berbers above it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors.

The territory that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1980s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on 2nd October 1958. From independence until the presidential  elections of 2010, Guinea was governed by a number of autocratic rulers.

The French Fourth Republic crumbled due to political instability in 1958.

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