Money is a financial unit that works as a normally recognized medium of exchange for transactions in an economy. It emerges in the form of a commodity that has the physical property of being accepted by a market as a way of exchange.
Money is defined based on where it is from and how much it is worth. Money allows the world to go around. Most economies rely on money for the trade of goods and services.
Money enables people to obtain their means of survival. We discuss how much money is in the world currently in this article.
Different forms of Money
There are different types of money be organized into “Ms” where the Ms range from “M0 to M3” thus the narrowest to the broadest respectively based on the policy formulation of the country’s central bank.
All the physical monies in circulation thus the coins, notes, and bills fall under the M0 money. All the currencies in the M0 system, plus assets that can be directly converted into cash are classified as the M1 money supply.
All components of M1, plus savings, mutual funds, market securities which are used as a medium of exchange fall under the M2 money. Elements in M2 plus large amounts of deposits and market funds are classified as M3 money. But M3 has since been dropped.
How Much Money Is In Existence ?
Research has shown that the US dollar is the most used currency world and it’s used for this analysis. There is about $5.8 trillion in the M0 supply system as of March 2021 according to the Federal Reserve. As of March 2021, there is about $18.7 trillion M1 supply in circulation according to the Federal Reserve.
As of March 2021, there was about a $19.9 trillion M2 money supply according to the Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve has stopped keeping track of the M3 money supply since 2006 because it felt it doesn’t add any meaningful information to economic activities.
There is about US$40 trillion in circulation which includes physical money( notes and coins) and deposited monies in a savings account. There will be about over $90 trillion when broad money and cryptocurrency are added.