Andy Warhol was an influential player in the pop art movement. His works cover a variety of mediums, including painting, silkscreening, photography, cinema, and sculpture, and investigate the relationship between artistic expression, advertising, and celebrity culture that flourished in the 1960s.
The silkscreen paintings Campbell’s Soup Cans (1962) and Marilyn Diptych (1962), the experimental films Empire (1964) and Chelsea Girls (1966), and the multimedia events known as the Exploding Plastic Inevitable (1966–67) are only a few of his most well-known works.
Warhol, who was born and reared in Pittsburgh, began his career as a commercial illustrator. He became known as an influential and controversial artist after presenting his work in many galleries in the late 1950s.
His New York studio, The Factory, became a popular meeting place for notable intellectuals, drag queens, playwrights, Bohemian street people, Hollywood celebrities, and wealthy customers.
He popularized the term “Warhol superstars” and is credited with coining the phrase “15 minutes of fame.” He started Interview magazine and managed and produced the experimental music band The Velvet Underground in the late 1960s.
He wrote several books, including Andy Warhol’s Philosophy and Popism: The Warhol Sixties. Before the gay liberation movement, he lived openly as a gay guy.
Valerie Solanas, a radical feminist, shot him inside his studio in June 1968, and he survived. Warhol died of cardiac arrhythmia in February 1987, at the age of 58, in New York, following gallbladder surgery.
Many retrospective exhibitions, books, and feature and documentary films have been dedicated to Warhol.
The Andy Warhol Museum in Pittsburgh, which houses a significant permanent collection of art and archives, is the largest museum dedicated to a single artist in the United States.
Warhol has been referred to as the “art market bellwether.” Many of his works are highly collectible and valuable. Some of his paintings are among the most valuable ever sold.
A serigraph titled Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) from 1963 sold for $105 million in 2013. Shot Sage Blue Marilyn (1964), the most expensive work of art sold at auction by an American artist, went for $195 million in 2022.
Was Andy Warhol married?
Warhol was a lesbian. He admitted to being a virgin to an interviewer in 1980. Bob Colacello, a biographer who was present at the interview, said it was most likely genuine, and that what little sex he did have was probably “a mixture of voyeurism and masturbation—to use [Andy’s] word abstract.” The fact that Warhol was hospitalized in 1960 for condylomata, a sexually transmitted disease, seems to undermine his claim of virginity.
It has also been contradicted by his lovers, including Warhol muse BillyBoy, who has said they had sex to orgasm: “When he wasn’t being Andy Warhol and when you were just alone with him he was an incredibly generous and very kind person. What seduced me was the Andy Warhol who I saw alone. In fact when I was with him in public he kind of got on my nerves….I’d say: ‘You’re just obnoxious, I can’t bear you.'”
Billy Name also denied that Warhol was only a voyeur, saying: “He was the essence of sexuality. It permeated everything. Andy exuded it, along with his great artistic creativity….It brought a joy to the whole art world in New York.”
“But his personality was so vulnerable that it became a defense to put up the blank front.”
John Giorno, Billy Name, Charles Lisanby, and Jon Gould were among Warhol’s lovers. Jed Johnson, whom he met in 1968 and later became famous as an interior designer, was his 12-year boyfriend.
Edith Minturn Sedgwick Post (April 20, 1943 – November 16, 1971) was an American actress and fashion model, known for being one of Andy Warhol’s superstars.