Any of the yearly awards (five until 1969, when a sixth was added) that are awarded from a fund bequeathed for that purpose by the Swedish inventor and businessman Alfred Nobel. The Nobel Prizes are usually considered to be the world’s most distinguished honors for intellectual accomplishment.
The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to journalists Maria Ressa of the Philippines and Dmitry Muratov of Russia this year, in recognition of their “efforts to protect freedom of speech,” which the prize-giving committee characterized as “under danger globally.”
On Friday, Berit Reiss-Andersen, head of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, said that the two had received the coveted prize “for their brave battle for freedom of speech in the Philippines and Russia.”
“At the same time, they are representatives of all journalists who stand up for this ideal in a world in which democracy and freedom of the press face increasingly adverse conditions,” she told a news conference in Norway’s capital, Oslo.
Summary on Maria Ressa
Ressa, who created the investigative journalism website Rappler, has spent a lot of time covering Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s divisive and brutal drug campaign. The Nobel committee observed that she and Rappler “have also exposed how social media is being used to propagate fake news, bully opponents, and influence public debate.”
The award-winning journalist was convicted last year of libel and sentenced to jail in a decision seen as a major blow to press global freedom. She was the first woman awarded a Nobel this year.
Summary on Dmitry Muratov
Muratov is the editor-in-chief of the Russian daily Novaya Gazeta, which he created in 1993. It is now one of Russia’s remaining independent media outlets, with six of its journalists assassinated over that time.
“I can’t take credit for this. This is Novaya Gazeta’s. It is that of those who died defending the right of people to freedom of speech,” Muratov was cited by Russian news agency TASS as saying.